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We are very grateful to Mavis Gibberd (nee Staines) for the following information
this page resulted in a further email relating to another Stanes which we have added below
Staines is a small town just north of Paris. In 1066 Baron de Staines sailed with William The Conqueror to invade England. They landed on the south coast between Hastings and Pevensey and fought their way northwards. Baron de Staines seems to have stopped at the River Thames and founded the town now known as Staines and which appears in 1086 as Stanes in The Domesday Book.
As the population increased (probably in the Thirteenth Century) people started to take on second names. John, Albert, or William obviously wasn’t enough. Many took on their occupation eg Butcher, Smith, or Fletcher. Alternatively they would use their father’s name and add ’son’ eg Johnson, Morrison or Robinson. Serfs or farm workers had to take their names from their ‘Lord of the Manor’.
I assume that my ancestors were either serfs on the land of Baron de Staines or his descendants. At some time over the next four hundred years or so , someone in the family branched out, travelled northeast and settled at Henham in Essex. In 1541 it became law that all babies born in the country should be baptised or registered in church.
I have never met another Staines (apart from direct family) and I became interested in researching my ‘roots’. I knew that my grandfather grew up in Henham so a few years back i decided to visit. A search of the graveyard revealed no evidence at all and nor, initially, did Henham church itself. However, after a second and more detailed search, i finally did discover a William Staines’s stone (died June 1830) in the floor of the church.
I also discovered that the church records are now on microfilm at Chelmsford Records Office. So I travelled to Chelmsford.
At Chelmsford, on the very first page of the church records, I found the names of twin boys Nicholas and Thomas Staines. I myself have twin brothers and I subsequently found the names of several sets of twin boys but no twin girls. I have discovered that the name ‘Thomas’ meant ‘twin’ so the names of the children did not surprise me.
I have recorded the list of names as I found them. From 1542 to 1590 only the babies’ names was registered. From 1590 the father’s name was shown and. from 1756, both parents were shown.
|Nicholas||not given||not given||twins1542||Henry||Henry||not given||1684|
|John||not given||not given||1547||Joseph||Henry||not given||twins1691|
|Lawrence||not given||not given||1550||Thomas|
|William||not given||not given||1551||possibly a page is missing as there is a 50
year gap. Mother’s name now included
|Jhone||not given||not given||1558|
|Elizabeth||not given||not given||1576||James||Thomas||Sarah||1756|
(one twin died ?)
|Edward||Birgard||not given||1619||Another 50 year gap. My great, great, great grandfather
Joseph was born at this point, somewhere around 1774
|Thomas||Thomas||not given||1661||JAMES *||James||Eliza||1843|
JAMES * was my great, great, grandfather
Additional Information from David Turner
James Staines was born in Henham according to the 1891 census when he had moved to Camberwell in London.